How does a garbage disposal work – Garbage disposal is one of the most important appliances in your kitchen. It is an electrically powered unit which is hooked up to the sink drain; it grinds the leftover food wastes and washes it away into the sewer. It helps to keep your kitchen smelling fresh and reduce harmful bacteria.
You need to maintain your garbage disposal with a good care; otherwise, it will not last longer. Sometimes it can get clogged, broken, burnt out, and smell oddly. To avoid such situations, you need to know how does a garbage disposal work or the mechanism of the garbage disposal. Let’s have a look inside the disposal.
If you look at the garbage disposal, you will see rubber flaps around the sides of the sink drain; it is splash guard. It ensures that water and crushed food wastes do not splash back into the basin.
After putting the food wastes into the disposal, they land in a chamber which is called upper hopper.
Flywheel, Shredder ring, Impellers
You will find the flywheel and the shredder ring inside the upper hopper. There are two impellers on the sides of the flywheel. At the bottom of the garbage disposal, the wheel is turned by an insulated motor. The shredder wheel has grooves and teeth, so it is very sharp.
When the flywheel is spun by the motor, the inserted food wastes, and water of the upper hopper is spun by centrifugal force into the shredder ring, and pushed up onto the ring by the impellers. The flywheel spins nearly 2,000 rotations per minutes after turn on the garbage disposal.
Once the garbage is ground up, it flushes down by the sink water into the lower hopper chamber, and the wastes exit out through a waste line connector.
The water that is flowing down into the hopper take away the chopped food scraps into the waste line, down the p-trap, and out to the water treatment plant or the septic tank.
The reset button is located at the bottom of the disposal. It is a red button, which is marked as “Reset.” You can reactivate the electricity to operate the disposer by pushing this button.
These are the main parts of the garbage disposal. There are two kinds of disposals available in the market, such as the batch feed and the continuous feed.
The batch feed requires the food wastes to be placed into the disposal before turning on the disposal, then a lid is placed on top and rotated to align magnets in the lid and the main body of the disposal. This starts the unit.
On the other hand, the continuous feed grinds up food scraps continuously after turning on.
The batch feed is safer than the continuous feed, but the continuous feed is very popular for its continuous grinding without hassle.
It needs to understand the whole mechanism that there is no blade or knife to chop the food wastes up inside the disposal. The teeth or the cutter blades of the shredder wheel smash up the stuff and force down the slurry through the holes or slits of the flywheel, which is collected by the lower hopper and drains out the drain. So, it is important to avoid putting anything in the disposer which cannot break into tiny pieces or dissolve.
How does a garbage disposal work
Fibrous items like banana peels, celery;or things that clump badly like potato peels, lots of rice, pasta; or hard objects like piece of plastic, metal, glass, animal bones; or anything combustible like cigarette butts; or greasy things like oil, fat, grease etc. should never put into the disposal.Coffee grounds help to eliminate odor, but they can cause aclog. All these things may harm your garbage disposal by causing aclog, so leave them to the trash can.
To prevent rust and corrosion, to ensure all parts stay moving and to prevent obstructions from accumulating; you should use the garbage disposal frequently. Keep your disposal clean and fresh. Run water while grinding the scraps to help to liquefy the wastes. After grinding run water for at least 20 seconds to flush out the debris smoothly and clear the drain. Use cold water to solidify the oil or fats so that they can be chopped up before reaching the trap. Do not turn off the motor or stop running water until the grinding is completed. Harsh chemicals like bleach, drain cleaner, etc. should not use as they can damage the blades.
Always keep your garbage disposal clean and fresh. Ice cubes are magical to clean the disposal and sharpen the blades. Use citrus peels, lemon, etc. to clean the disposal as well as to eliminate the bad smell. Vinegar is perfect for cleaning, eliminating odor and removes the bacteria.
The garbage disposal is a wondrous helping hand which is necessary for fresh the kitchen environment. It works effortlessly; just need your attention and care.